CPR/AED Infant

CPR  for Infant (Younger Than 12 Months)
Definition
CPR is a lifesaving procedure that is performed when an infant’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped, as in cases of drowning, suffocation, choking, or injuries. CPR is a combination of:
• Rescue breathing, which provides oxygen to the infant’s lungs.
• Chest compressions, which keep the infant’s blood circulating.
Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if a infant’s blood flow stops. Therefore, you must continue these procedures until the infant’s heartbeat and breathing return, or trained medical help arrives.

Alternative Names
Rescue breathing and chest compressions.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Infant resuscitation

Considerations
CPR can be lifesaving, but it is best performed by those who have been trained in an accredited CPR course. The procedures described here are best practiced in hands-on CPR training.
All parents and those who take care of children should learn infant and child CPR if they haven’t already. This jewel of knowledge is something no parent should be without. Time is very important when dealing with an unconscious infant who is not breathing. Permanent brain damage begins after only 4 minutes without oxygen, and death can occur in as little as 4 – 6 minutes later.

Causes
In infants, major reasons that heartbeat and breathing stop include drowning, suffocation, choking, head trauma or serious injury, excessive bleeding, electrical shock, poisoning, and lung disease.

Symptoms
• Unconsciousness
• Not breathing
• No pulse

First Aid-CPR

Show me Video>>Infant CPR

  • 1. Check for responsiveness.  Tap the infant gently. Shout, “Are you OK?”
    2. If there is no response, shout for help. Infants, just as children, have a much better chance of survival if CPR is performed immediately.
    Send someone to call 911. Do not leave the infant to call 911 until you have performed CPR for about 2 minutes.
    3. Carefully place the infant on their back. If there is a chance the infant has a spinal injury, two people should move the infant to prevent the head and neck from twisting.
    4. Perform chest compressions:
    o Place 2 fingers on the breastbone — just below the nipples. Make sure not to press at the very end of the breastbone.
    o Keep your other hand on the infant’s forehead, keeping the head tilted back.
    o Press down on the infant’s chest so that it compresses about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of the chest.
    o Give 30 chest compressions. Each time, let the chest rise completely. These compressions should be FAST and hard with no pausing. Count the 30 compressions quickly: At the rate of 3 compressions every 2 seconds or (100 per minute).
    5. Open the airway. Lift up the chin with one hand. At the same time, tilt the head by pushing down on the forehead with the other hand.
    6. If the infant is not breathing:
    o Cover the infant’s mouth and nose tightly with your mouth.
    o Alternatively, cover just the nose. Hold the mouth shut.
    o Keep the chin lifted and head tilted.
    o Give 2 rescue breaths. Each breath should take about a second and make the chest rise.
    7. Do not over inflate infant’s lungs.
  • 8. Continue CPR (30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, then repeat) for about 2 minutes.
    9. After about 2 minutes of CPR, if the infant still does not have normal breathing, coughing, or any movement, leave the infant if you are alone and call 911.
    10. Repeat step 9 until the infant recovers or help arrives.
    If the infant starts breathing again, place him or her in the recovery position. Periodically re-check for breathing until help arrives.
  • Do Not
    • If a spinal injury is suspected, DO NOT tilt the head back when attempting to open the airway. Instead, place your fingers on the jaw on each side of the head. Lift the jaw forward. This keeps the head and neck from moving.
    • If the infant has signs of normal breathing, coughing, or movement; DO NOT begin chest compressions. Doing so may cause the heart to stop beating.
    Call immediately for emergency medical assistance..
    • If you have help, tell one person to call 911 while another person begins CPR.
    • If you are alone, shout loudly for help and begin CPR. After doing CPR for about 2
    call 911. Continue CPR until EMS arrives.
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